A Beginner’s Guide to War Thunder – Researching New Aircraft

Part of The Complete Beginner’s Guide

After each battle you are awarded with Research Points (RP), and what do Research Points make? Research Prizes! RP contribute towards unlocking modifications for the planes you were flying (covered in a separate guide), and researching new aircraft.

To see all the exciting planes you’ll (eventually) be able to fly, click the “Research” button in the hanger:

The Russian tech tree; not to be confused with the Russian techno tree

The Russian tech tree; not to be confused with the Russian techno tree

Aircraft are divided into five ranks or eras, broadly chronologically but with some adjustments to account for performance in a game context, for example the German Do 217 J series heavy fighters in Rank II are derived from the Do 217 E bomber in Rank III. Aircraft you own have a blue background, aircraft you can research have a slightly darker blue background, aircraft that aren’t available for research yet have a red background. Over on the right hand side of the tree are Premium and Gift aircraft, with a yellow/gold background. Premium aircraft are bought with Gold Eagles (the real money currency), and don’t need to be researched; Gift aircraft are generally available in bundles, or sometimes in promotions or giveaways.

To progress through the ranks you need to unlock a certain number of aircraft, shown under the Roman numeral on the left; in the screenshot I’ve got three Rank I aircraft and need six in total before I can research a Rank II aircraft, then I’ll need to research four of Rank II before I can start on Rank III.

To unlock a specific plane you’ll need to have researched the previous plane in its line (connected via an arrow). Some aircraft, such as the I-15, SB and Su-2, have a little tab in the top left corner of their icon; these are stacks of planes, if you click one then a window should pop up with two or more variants of that plane. Stacking can be a little inconsistent; the LaGG-3-8 and LaGG-3-11 aren’t stacked, despite being very similar, whereas the LaGG-3-35 and LaGG-3-66 after them have more significant differences, but are stacked. You only have to research one of a stack of planes to move down the line, so to get to the La-5 you have to research the LaGG-3-8, then the LaGG-3-11, then the LaGG-3-35, but you can skip the LaGG-3-66 (or you can research it as well, if three LaGG-3 variants just aren’t enough).

Hovering over a plane in the tree pops up a little stat card showing its salient details:

The BB-1 light bomber; BB stands for 'Blues Bomber'  (No it doesn't - Ed)

The BB-1 light bomber; BB stands for ‘Blues Bomber’ (No it doesn’t – Ed)

The precise figures may not be completely accurate, and will vary depending on upgrades, but it should give a rough idea of the performance and armament. To get a first-hand impression you can also take any plane eligible for research for a test flight, either right-click or use the second little icon over the plane.

The second stat on the card, “Battle Rating” (1.7 in this example), is a more granular indication of plane performance within Ranks, and very important for matchmaking. Battle Rating increases in rounded 0.33 increments (1.0, 1.3, 1.7, 2.0, 2.3 etc.), and in general you should meet opponents with Battle Ratings up to 1.0 higher or lower than your highest BR.

To research an aircraft, simply click the “Research” button just underneath it. You can research one aircraft per country at any time; the trickiest bit can be deciding what to choose next. For a new USSR player looking for a fighter there’s either the I-16 Type 18, the LaGG-3-8 or, if you click on the I-15, then the next option in that stack is the I-15bis. Of those, the LaGG-3-8 is quite a step up, a monoplane considerably faster than the other choices, and armed with a 20mm cannon, whereas the I-15bis is a slightly upgraded version of the starting biplane, reflected in their Battle Ratings of 2.0 and 1.3 respectively. For a brand new player, I’d actually suggest starting with the I-15bis; as mentioned the matchmaker works on Battle Rating, so if you fly the LaGG then you’ll meet tougher opponents.

So, after decided which aircraft you’d like next and putting it In Research, all you have to do is fly your other aircraft. After each match you should see your progress towards the new plane:

The results are in...

The results are in…

In this example I’m researching the I-153 M-62 and gained 1064 Vehicle research points in the battle, almost half the 2400 I’ll need to unlock it, represented by the yellow bar. Another battle or two should be enough to finish the research, especially if the team wins (victories grant a hefty RP bonus). Once unlocked, you need to buy the new plane with silver lions (the “Research” button under the plane turns into a “Buy” button), and then put it into service. You can replace one of your existing planes, but if you have enough money I would buy a new crew slot by clicking the “Recruit Crew” button at the bottom of the screen; the fourth slot costs 10,000 silver lions and the fifth slot costs 50,000 lions. You can buy further crew slots with gold eagles if you want, but five planes should last through most battles unless you’re particularly bold and/or unlucky. Either way you’ll need to pay to train the crew with the new plane; upgrading can be an expensive business!

Click the “Research” button again to select the next aircraft you’d like to unlock; to focus on fighters, I’d suggest a new USSR player gets the I-15bis, the I-153 M-62, then the I-16, LaGG-3-8 and LaGG-3-11. For ground attack the BB-1 and Su-2 series have a useful combination of guns and bombs, and lead to the Il-2 Sturmovik; for heavier bombing there’s the SB series. If you’re not sure, or like a bit of a mix, then research one of each!

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23 thoughts on “A Beginner’s Guide to War Thunder – Researching New Aircraft

    1. Bob

      I am trying to reasearch the PBY but there is nothing before it. Once I hit the reaserch button, what plane do I fly?

    1. Zoso Post author

      I think it’s still generally accurate, isn’t it? Though the interface colours have changed a bit since the screenshots were taken… If anything is out of date or unclear, if you could point out the specific bit I’ll try and give it a tweak, ta.

  1. spuriad

    what are *convertible* research points? they keep accumulating as I play along (I now have close to 400K of them!) but I can’t use them anywhere to boost my research…

    1. Zoso Post author

      Ah, yes; you can use Gold Eagles to convert that into ‘proper’ RP, to actually research new planes with. It used to be called ‘free’ RP, but what with Gold Eagles costing real money that wasn’t the best description! If you click the yellow lightbulb at the top of the screen you should get the “Accelerated Research” window for the plane or tank you’re currently researching, and you can adjust the slider to spend Eagles to convert RP. It’s not a bad way of using some of the Eagles you get from tutorials to finish off some early research when you really want a new plane, but it gets pretty expensive later on so I wouldn’t worry too much, unless you have plenty of spare cash.

      (That reminds me, I need to update the terminology in the Premium Options section of the guide)

  2. Tom

    Hey I’m confused on research still, so my big question I need answered is “By doing battles and acquiring research points only go towards one country or can you use those research points towards any plane.”

    1. Zoso Post author

      Hello there! Research points always go towards the same country and type of vehicle (air or ground) that you play, so if you fly British aircraft, you work towards unlocking another British aircraft, or if you drive US tanks you work towards unlocking another US tank.

    1. Zoso Post author

      Regular research points are earned after a battle, and go towards the plane or tank you’ve selected to research. If you open up the Research window (as in the first screenshot here), the vehicle you’re researching has a bar underneath showing research progress, you can hover over it to show the details (the second screenshot shows the BB-1 with 1442 Research Points out of the 4080 needed to unlock it).

      You also get convertible research points that you can convert into regular research points using Gold Eagles, the total of these is shown at the top of the screen next to the yellow light bulb icon.

  3. Lee

    Mushroom, as anti bot word. xD

    Anyway~! As the game currently is with the British tank line being implemented in chunks, will the RP accumulate with an unspecified vehicle and then I’ll be able to use said points when the tanks are released? Or will the points just be converted into “free RP”?


    1. Zoso Post author

      I’m afraid the extra points just accumulate as convertible RP rather than building up for the other tanks once they’re available.

  4. Pecos Bill

    I’m a newbie. Mistakingly, I put a german panther (5.7) into research. I am fighting with level 1 tanks. How do I remove the panther and choose something at level 2?

    1. Zoso Post author

      Just click the icon below the Panther (with two arrow icons), and you should be able to replace it with a lower level tank; if you haven’t got anything suitable then use the “Send on holiday” option to leave the slot empty until you finish research on something else.

  5. ottoplotto

    how do you research a level 1 uk aircraft is there is nothing before it, i really need 2 know as im researching a lv 1 bomber now

    1. Zoso Post author

      Just pick the aircraft you want to research if there’s nothing before it in the tree, there’s no special requirements, you’ll research it with whatever you fly.

  6. Tony

    Great guide. Already knew most (if not all) of it, been playing over a year, with some brakes inbetween.

    I still have a doubt, though. About those stacked planes. It appears the last one in the stack has no extra Research Bonus to the next plane in the line.
    For example, in the German tech tree, if I fly a Bf 109 E-4 will I get the same bonus to research the F-1 that I would get from flying the E-1?

    My guess is no, which is a shame, since there is little incentive to research a given stack, despite some amazing aircraft available. (Fulgore, I’m looking at you!)

  7. Trent

    Hi Zoso.
    Thank you for the writing this piece, you’re very articulate and you communicate well.
    Out of interest what if I was only interested in researching the British (heavy) bomber line ONLY.
    As the line British bomber line progresses, what happens regarding my reserve aircrafts as I progress in research of the one line?
    Do I have to research reserve aircraft?
    Thank you.


    1. Zoso Post author


      I’m afraid you probably won’t be able to stick to heavy bombers only; you need to research 4-6 aircraft at each Rank (the roman numeral on the left of the research screen) before you unlock the next one so you’ll have to branch out a little bit.

  8. RandomJoe

    What I want to know is how to use the ‘accelerated research” button. it says I don’t have any RP to convert but I have a ton

  9. Daniel Avital

    How long does it take to research? I literally started researching 2 hours ago and I don’t think it went up at all I’m new btw

  10. Larry

    Hello and thanks for this War Thunder Beginner’s Guide. Gaijen should consider adding these details to their core tutorials somewhere on the User interface screen for War Thunder. I first checked out War Thunder I believe around 2015 using a Play Station System. I was immediately frustrated by their user interface and that there were basically no instructions on how to use it. As a good example of this, until I reread your guide I had no clue which planes I actually owned. Why not turn the background GREEN for the planes you own instead of the highly misleading Blue and “slightly” darker blue backgrounds? I really feel like Gaijen is losing fans and followers for simple “user friendly” miscues like this. Also, trying to use the Play Station controllers for flying and aiming the cursor was one of the most frustrating endeavors I have EVER had with a computer game. After discovering Mouse Aim and reviewing several online YouTube guides, flying and aiming has become much friendlier and enjoyable promoting the desire to continue on. Again thanks for the guide. I wish I knew how to provide direct feedback to Gaijen on some of these thoughts. I will copy this text and try to get it to someone on their Software development team. If you happen to have a link I can use please let me know at l.lynch@myactv.net. Last note, I have recently purchased one of the Oculus Quest 2 VR headsets and it takes the flying experience to a whole new level. It seems to work well in War Thunder also. Happy flying.


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